Play therapy is an intervention that has great success rates with children, adolescents and families. Young children do not have the cognitive ability to process their thoughts and feelings through “talk therapy,” and older children may not be interested in standard counseling interventions. Play therapy provides a safe and predictable environment that contains categories of toys and expressive materials. These are used to encourage the exploration of thoughts and feelings children have experienced in their world.
Art therapy is a form of therapy which uses art as the method of communication, instead of words. Art therapy is a great tool when working with children and families because it can make communication easier. Art interventions also allow children and families to process ideas and work towards goals while using metaphors, which allows for therapeutic distance. Artwork can be used in psychotherapy to practice situations, learn new skills, show changes in individuals and families, and provide a visual record of therapy. People who have experienced trauma respond very well to art therapy interventions because traumas are remembered as pictures, not as words.